MySQL分表优化试验

Tags: mysql

我们的项目中有好多不等于的情况。今天写这篇文章简单的分析一下怎么个优化法。
这里的分表逻辑是根据t_group表的user_name组的个数来分的。
因为这种情况单独user_name字段上的索引就属于烂索引。起不了啥名明显的效果。

1、试验PROCEDURE.
DELIMITER $$
DROP PROCEDURE `t_girl`.`sp_split_table`$$
CREATE  PROCEDURE `t_girl`.`sp_split_table`()
BEGIN
  declare done int default 0;
  declare v_user_name varchar(20) default ;
  declare v_table_name varchar(64) default ;
  -- Get all users name.
  declare cur1 cursor for select user_name from t_group group by user_name;
  -- Deal with error or warnings.
  declare continue handler for 1329 set done = 1;
  -- Open cursor.
  open cur1;
  while done <> 1
  do
    fetch cur1 into v_user_name;
    if not done then
      -- Get table name.
      set v_table_name = concat(t_group_,v_user_name);
      -- Create new extra table.
      set @stmt = concat(create table ,v_table_name, like t_group);
      prepare s1 from @stmt;
      execute s1;
      drop prepare s1;
      -- Load data into it.
      set @stmt = concat(insert into ,v_table_name, select * from t_group where user_name = ,v_user_name,);
      prepare s1 from @stmt;
      execute s1;
      drop prepare s1;
    end if;
  end while;
  -- Close cursor.
  close cur1;
  -- Free variable from memory.
  set @stmt = NULL;
END$$

DELIMITER ;

2、试验表。
我们用一个有一千万条记录的表来做测试。

mysql> select count(*) from t_group;
+----------+
| count(*) |
+----------+
| 10388608 |
+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

表结构。
mysql> desc t_group;
+-------------+------------------+------+-----+-------------------+----------------+
| Field       | Type             | Null | Key | Default           | Extra          |
+-------------+------------------+------+-----+-------------------+----------------+
| id          | int(10) unsigned | NO   | PRI | NULL              | auto_increment |
| money       | decimal(10,2)    | NO   |     |                   |                |
| user_name   | varchar(20)      | NO   | MUL |                   |                |
| create_time | timestamp        | NO   |     | CURRENT_TIMESTAMP |                |
+-------------+------------------+------+-----+-------------------+----------------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

索引情况。

mysql> show index from t_group;
+---------+------------+------------------+--------------+-------------+-----------+-------------+----------+--------+------+------------+---------+
|Table   | Non_unique | Key_name         | Seq_in_index | Column_name |Collation | Cardinality | Sub_part | Packed | Null | Index_type |Comment |
+---------+------------+------------------+--------------+-------------+-----------+-------------+----------+--------+------+------------+---------+
|t_group |          0 | PRIMARY          |            1 | id          |A         |    10388608 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE     |         |
| t_group |          1 | idx_user_name    |           1 | user_name   | A         |           8 |     NULL | NULL   |      |BTREE      |         |
| t_group |          1 | idx_combination1|            1 | user_name   | A         |           8 |     NULL |NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |
| t_group |          1 |idx_combination1 |            2 | money       | A         |        3776|     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |
+---------+------------+------------------+--------------+-------------+-----------+-------------+----------+--------+------+------------+---------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

PS:
idx_combination1 这个索引是必须的,因为要对user_name来GROUP BY。此时属于松散索引扫描!当然完了后你可以干掉她。
idx_user_name 这个索引是为了加快单独执行constant这种类型的查询。
我们要根据用户名来分表。

mysql> select user_name from t_group where 1 group by user_name;
+-----------+
| user_name |
+-----------+
| david     |
| leo       |
| livia     |
| lucy      |
| sarah     |
| simon     |
| sony      |
| sunny     |
+-----------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

所以结果表应该是这样的。
mysql> show tables like t_group_%;
+------------------------------+
| Tables_in_t_girl (t_group_%) |
+------------------------------+
| t_group_david                |
| t_group_leo                  |
| t_group_livia                |
| t_group_lucy                 |
| t_group_sarah                |
| t_group_simon  &n

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